More than 8.5 million people in the UK have osteoarthritis (OA) and the knee is one of the most commonly affected joints.
There are many treatment options available including several non-pharmaceutical and non-surgical choices.
Osteoarthritis is commonly known as “wear-and-tear arthritis,” but did you know that young people get it too? Osteoarthritis, or OA, is the most common type of arthritis; it happens when the body’s natural cushioning, cartilage, wears away between joints. Think of cartilage as a shock absorber for your knees; less cushion results in bone rubbing against bone, and that can cause stiffness, pain, swelling, decreased mobility and bone spurs. OA typically develops slowly and becomes worse over time. There is no cure for OA, but there are many treatments available that can ease the pain and help people to retain or regain their mobility.
Lee et al. 2017
The ability of cartilage to heal decreases as people age, but the causes of knee OA vary. It can be hereditary or can be the result of injury, infection, overuse or excess weight.
In osteoarthritis, the cartilage in the knee joint gradually wears away. As it does, the protective spaces between the bones decrease resulting in bone rubbing on bone, producing painful bone spurs.